Johnny Mack is Toquaht, of the Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council. He was raised on an Indian Reserve in Nuu-chah-nulth territory, off the West Coast of Vancouver Island, and is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Victoria (Faculty of Law) studying Indigenous legal traditions, Indigenous constitutionalism, subjectivity, critical theory, postcolonial theory and legal pluralism. He was a 2011 recipient of the Pierre Elliot Trudeau Scholarship Award for his doctoral research assessing how the Aboriginal rights and title framework and contemporary treaty negotiations in Canada carry forward the momentum of earlier colonial policies by continuing to dispossess indigenous peoples of their land base and facilitating their reintegrating into the land as liberal democratic Canadians.